What Are The Severe Heartburn Symptoms, Causes, And Remedies?


Do you know that around 20% of Americans suffer from heartburn at least once a week? Severe heartburn symptoms can be extremely unpleasant and distressing. It causes a burning sensation in the chest and a sour taste in the mouth, accompanied by difficulty in swallowing.

It’s important to identify the causes of this condition in order to treat it effectively. Acid reflux is one of the key sources of severe heartburn. This happens when the lower esophagus muscles weaken, allowing stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus.

Certain foods, such as spicy or fatty meals, caffeine, and chocolate can make it worse. Moreover, smoking and obesity can also increase the chances of experiencing severe heartburn symptoms.

Understanding The Causes Of Severe Heartburn

Heartburn is a common condition that can cause discomfort and pain in the chest. The underlying causes of severe heartburn vary, but they typically involve the malfunctioning of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), a muscle between the stomach and the esophagus. When the LES doesn’t close properly, stomach acid can flow back into the esophagus, leading to a burning sensation and other symptoms.

Severe Heartburn Symptoms

Other factors that can contribute to severe heartburn include certain foods and drinks, such as spicy or fatty foods, chocolate, citrus fruits, and alcohol. Additionally, smoking, pregnancy, obesity, and certain medications, like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and some antidepressants, can increase the risk of experiencing heartburn.

It is important to note that severe heartburn can be a symptom of a more serious condition, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). If symptoms persist or worsen despite lifestyle changes and over-the-counter treatments, it is recommended to seek medical attention for a proper diagnosis and to discuss appropriate treatment options.

Common Triggers For Severe Heartburn

Severe heartburn can be a real pain, but understanding its common triggers can help you manage and even prevent it. These triggers can be:

  • Certain foods like oranges, tomatoes, spicy food, fatty and greasy food, and carbonated drinks.
  • Lifestyle factors like smoking, drinking alcohol, stress, and lack of sleep.
  • Medications like NSAIDs, antibiotics, sedatives, antidepressants, and blood pressure meds.
  • Behaviors like eating large meals, lying down after eating, and wearing tight clothing.

Identifying The Symptoms Of Severe Heartburn

Heartburn can be easily identified by its distinctive symptoms, which include a burning sensation in the chest and throat. It is often accompanied by a sour or acidic taste in the mouth, as well as regurgitation of stomach acid into the esophagus.

These uncomfortable symptoms can be exacerbated by lying down or bending over. Additionally, individuals may experience difficulty swallowing or a persistent cough.

  • Burning sensation: The primary symptom of severe heartburn is a painful burning feeling that originates in the chest and rises towards the throat. This discomfort can be quite intense and is often described as a fiery or scorching sensation.
  • Sour taste and regurgitation: Along with the burning sensation, individuals suffering from severe heartburn may experience a sour or bitter taste in their mouth. This is caused by the backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus, leading to regurgitation.
  • Aggravation with certain movements: Severe heartburn symptoms tend to worsen when lying down or bending over. This may be due to the increased pressure on the stomach, which can push acid up into the esophagus, causing further pain and discomfort.

Remedies For Severe Heartburn

There are several effective ways to alleviate the symptoms of severe heartburn. These remedies target the root causes of the condition and can provide relief. Here are four points to consider:

  • Lifestyle Changes: Making certain adjustments to your lifestyle can help reduce heartburn symptoms. This includes maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding trigger foods and beverages (such as spicy or acidic ones), eating smaller meals more frequently, and quitting smoking.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter antacids or acid reducers can be used to neutralize or decrease stomach acid, providing temporary relief from heartburn symptoms. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable medication for your specific condition.
  • Dietary Modifications: Certain food choices can either worsen or alleviate heartburn symptoms. It is recommended to incorporate more fiber-rich foods into your diet, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Additionally, avoiding fatty and fried foods, caffeine, and carbonated beverages can help reduce the occurrence of heartburn.
  • Stress Management: Stress and anxiety can exacerbate heartburn symptoms. Implementing stress-reducing techniques, such as regular exercise, meditation, and deep breathing exercises, can help manage stress levels and minimize heartburn episodes.

Over-The-Counter Medications

Say Goodbye To Heartburn! Over-the-counter medications can offer fast relief from this condition. Advances in medical technology have provided many options to choose from. Antacids, H2 blockers, Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs), and Alginate drugs are all available. Healthcare professionals can suggest the best solution for an individual’s specific needs.

It’s important to be aware of dosage and potential side effects before taking any medication. Say goodbye to heartburn by avoiding spicy food and alcohol – a small price to pay for avoiding an internal flamethrower!

Lifestyle Changes To Manage Severe Heartburn

For successful management of severe heartburn, lifestyle changes are necessary. These habits can lessen symptoms and keep discomfort at bay. Here’s how:

  • Stay away from spicy, greasy, or acidic food.
  • Eat small meals and do not overeat.
  • Wait for some time after eating before lying down.
  • Elevate the head of your bed with pillows for nighttime heartburn.

Also, smoking and too much drinking should be avoided. These can worsen the condition.

Natural Remedies And Alternative Treatments

  • Apple Cider Vinegar: Diluting ACV can help balance stomach acid and ease heartburn.
  • Ginger: Have it fresh, powdered, or as tea – ginger soothes the digestive system and calms heartburn.
  • Slippery Elm: This herb has a mucilage-like substance that coats the esophagus, protecting against acid reflux.
  • Aloe Vera Juice: Aloe vera juice can heal the lining of the stomach and esophagus, lessening heartburn.
  • Marshmallow Root: Marshmallow root is an anti-inflammatory that can calm inflammation in the gastrointestinal system and reduce heartburn.
  • Chamomile Tea: With calming properties, chamomile tea relaxes the muscles of the upper digestive system and relieves heartburn.

Dr. Jun Ren is a dedicated and experienced registered dietitian and nutritionist who is committed to helping people achieve their health goals through personalized nutrition plans. With a passion for promoting healthy eating habits and preventing chronic diseases, Dr. Ren has been able to assist numerous clients in improving their overall quality of life.

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